The Revised Regesta Regni (RRR) database document #826 is a record of authentication of the transfer of a series of reliquaries. In this case, the knighted Lord Maurice (II) of Creon (or Credone) was given three: a piece of the Holy Sepulchre, some soil associated with the Virgin Mary, and a piece of the column to which Jesus was tied to while being whipped. They were given to him by Rainauld, the abbot of the church of Mt. Sion in 1169 CE.
The RRR sources it to Broussilon's La maison de Craon, 1050-1480: Étude historique accompagnée du cartulaire de Craon.1 He credited two sources, including Le Cartulaire du prieuré de La Haye-aux-Bonshommes, a collection of 15th century documents, some of which were in the manuscript version of the cartulary as well as supplemental documents.2 It can also be found as N. 1866 in the document collection by Dom Housseau, a late 17th and early 18th century collection of medieval documents.3 The record is written in Latin, the language of the western church, from the 15th-16th century. An original from the 12th century does not appear to survive. As part of a collection of about ten documents regarding Maurice II (Mauricius de Creone/Credone), who went on the Second Crusade, it fits well for most of these too deal with relics he was taking with him though he did not return to Europe until 1170.4 The document reflects what surviving crusaders did take with them, as part of an official action, provides a paper trail for the relics that would make their way to Europe, and how Crusaders interacted with the al-Sham and religion while on or after a crusade.
For anyone wishing to view a manuscript version, the Cartulaire des Bonshommes de Craon is part of Manuscrits de la bibliothèque municipale d'Angers.5
1. A. Bertrand de Broussillon, La Maison de Craon, 1050-1480: Étude historique accompagnée du cartulaire de Craon. (Paris: A. Picard et fils, 1893).
2. Cartulaire & obituaire du prieuré des Bonshommes de Craon, ed. Paul de Farcy, ((Laval: V.A. Goupil, 1907).
3. Copies et extraits de chartes et documents classés selon l'ordre chronologique (453-1746), concernant l'Anjou et la Touraine et tirés des archives monastiques ou autres de ces provinces. — Numérotés 1 à 4865. VI Nos 1617-2121 (1139-1199). V. (Bibliothèque nationale de France: Gallica, 2018). https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10035551q/f162.item
4. Broussillon, 72.
5. Angers, Biblioteque municipale: Ms. 0856
Written by Daphna Bendull, Fordham University, MA History